Polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRAS) was applied to measure the IR spectra of palmitoyl-DL-lysine (L-PL) and palmitoyl-DL-lysine (DL-PL) at the air-water interface. The spectra in the amide I and II regions were simulated by using the extinction coefficients of the amide I and II bands of L-PL and DL-PL determined by the analyses of the IR external reflection spectra of the Langmuir-Blodget (LB) films prepared on a Ge plate (Yasukawa et al. J. Mol. Struct. 2005, 735-736, 53), indicating the angle between the plane of the secondary amide group (the amide plane) and the surface normal in the L-PL monolayer to be about 20 degrees and the angle in the DL-PL monolayer to be about 37 degrees. Comparison of the tilt angles with the corresponding angles in the LB films (about 20 degrees for the LB film of L-PL; about 49 degrees for the LB film of DL-PL) indicated that, upon being transferred to the solid substrate from the air-water interface, the L-PL monolayer keeps the orientation of the amide plane virtually unchanged, while the DL-PL monolayer changes the orientation appreciably to a horizontal direction. The orientation change of the amide plane was interpreted as due to the accommodation of irregularly oriented palmitoyl groups into the LB films of DL-PL on the solid substrate.
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